Biography: 
At the age of 46 I was elected deputy on the Communist Refoundation Party and appointed Minister of Social Solidarity of the Second Prodi Government (2006/2008). The ministry was dealing with immigration, assistance, and drug policies. As Minister I signed the United Nations Convention on the Protection of Persons with Disabilities and participated in the 51 session of the United Nations Drug Abuse Commission. To date, I was the first and only minister that Rifondazione Comunista has ever had in the Italian government. From 2008 to 2017 I was the national secretary of the Communist Refoundation Party. In December 2016 I was elected vice-president of the Party of the European Left