Agricultural and food system decisions and practices commonly have negative social and environmental effects. Solutions that are developed to deal with these “externalities” address only the visible secondary effects and usually create their own negative side effects. The root cause of these problems is the way the economic system normally functions. The panel will address why it is that capitalism creates these harmful effects, making it impossible to have a truly socially and ecologically sustainable agriculture. If we could create such an agricultural system, what would it be like?