Reading List: 
www.hivyoungleadersfund.org; www.yplusleadership.org; www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/publication/HYLF-Health-Equity-for-all.pdf; www.unaids.org/en/resources/documents/2017/90-90-90; http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/health/
According to UNAIDS there are approximately 36.7 million people worldwide living with HIV, from which four million are young people aged 15-24. In addition, 1 in 2 children born with HIV don’t live past the age of 5 and AIDS is the second leading cause of death among adolescents worldwide. Unfortunately new HIV infections among adolescents and young people are not decreasing as quickly as they should. In 2015, an adolescent between the ages of 15 and 19 was newly infected with HIV every two minutes and by today AIDS is now the leading cause of death among adolescents in Africa and the second most common cause of death among adolescents globally In 2013[1]. The HIV Young Leaders Fund (HYLF) recognizes that existing barriers to access quality education, housing, decent employment, comprehensive sexual and reproductive health, as well as the current gender inequalities, are some of the social determinants that make adolescents and young people more vulnerable to HIV infections and hinder global, regional and national efforts to end Aids and mitigate new HIV infections under ambitions strategies carried out by governments and international agencies. Along with this, the Global Network of Young People Living with HIV, Y+, provides a platform to connect young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) to support each other, share experiences, best practices and information, and to advocate for meaningful and engage YPLHIV participation in the global response to HIV. In order to overcome these challenges, both initiatives invest in young people’s leadership by engaging them in different spaces and processes focused to address the needs of their peers. On one side, HYLF’s innovative and community-driven funding model build capacities among grantees and provide them with technical assistance packages to strengthen the impact in their communities; meanwhile, Y+'s mission focuses on integrating YPLHIV into existing broader networks of people living with HIV, organizations and initiatives, by the time it also supports capacity building of YPLHIV. HYLF's funding model is based on participatory grant-making process in which members of young key populations living with or affected by HIV are included in the evaluation or decision-making process. It stands in contrast to traditional grant-making, wherein only the representatives of the funding source (e.g. a charitable foundation's staff or board) make decisions. Through this model HYLF has been able to support 44 youth-led and youth-serving organization since 2010 and in the following regions: West and central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, Middle East and North Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Southeast Asia and Latin America and The Caribbean.